Home Diseases Prevention Practices
Print E-mail

                                                              Disease Prevention Pracitices

                                                                    A.K Balhara and Sunesh

  1. Balanced  Nutrittion :
  2. Managing Heat Stress :  
    1. Ensure plentiful supply of cool, clean drinking water.
    2. Washing/Wallowing/Sprinkling/Splashing or showering of water is done to lower temperature and cool buffalo during times of stress. Sprinklers increase evaporative cooling and can reduce ground temperature.
    3. Good ventilation system may help animal to cope with extreme heat events. 
    4. Feeding green fodder/silage/hay/is generally helpful and should be done at relatively cooler times e.g. morning or late evenings.
  3. Sanitation : Cleaning and disinfecting is essential to control the accumulation and spread of disease-causing microorganisms. Sometimes it provides the only successful solution for controlling infectious diseases. Thorough cleaning and proper choice and use of a disinfectant are very important.
  4. Isolation : Isolating and treating sick animals; dispose of dead animals properly.  
  5. Management Practices  
    1. Regular deworming of the buffalo  herd.
    2. Observing animals frequently for signs of disease.
    3. Keeping animals comfortable.
    4. Vaccinating for diseases that are a threat to the herd. Needles should be sterilized after each use to prevent spread of disease
    5. Medicating feed or water, as necessary, to control specific disease problems.
    6. Utilizing diagnostic services and regular supervision of herd health by a veterinarian. .
    7. Protecting feed and water from contamination with manure and urine from animal and from droppings of birds and rodents.
    8. New animals added to the herd are a potential source of new diseases so always buy healthy animals. Test breeding bull for brucellosis and for other diseases before purchase .